[83] Until Zimbabwean independence in 1980, White Rhodesians prevailed over the nation politically, socially, and economically. When apartheid first started most British-South Africans were mostly keen on keeping and even strengthening its ties with the United Kingdom. [46] The Great Trek brought the migrating Boers, known as voortrekkers, into direct conflict with the Zulu Empire, upon which they inflicted a decisive defeat at the Battle of Blood River in February 1838. [64] After that conflict left the territory under South African occupation, thousands of fresh Afrikaner migrants poured into the region to occupy available plots of prime stock-farming land and exploit untapped resources. Pronunciation : case sensitive: see the pronunciation key for a guide on how to write the sounds; sounds can only be searched in names that have been assigned pronunciations * is a wildcard that will match zero or more letters in the pronunciation example: *lee matches names which end with the sound lee _ is a wildcard that will match exactly one letter in the pronunciation [103] The numbers make Madagascar the home of the largest ethnic French population in terms of absolute numbers in Sub-Saharan Africa, other than the French département Réunion. [20] They were also likely to involve the government in conflict with Africans, which required expensive military campaigns and inextricably damaged relations between the latter and the metropolitan powers. The majority once lived along the Mediterranean coast or in Southern Africa. African last names are popular around the globe. Not all of these surnames exist in South Africa today, since a number of Huguenot "stamouers" (founding fathers) only … I just feel happy to say that this programme of conscientization is excellent. This policy was generally considered a success, as South-West Africa's white population more than doubled between 1913 and 1936. Wiley, David and Isaacman, Allen F. (1981). However, the government has tried to lower the use of German and Afrikaans due to its colonial roots, and instead try and enforce English, the sole official language, and Bantu languages. African names have always been associated with personal identity and personality structure expressed in the hopes and aspirations of the parents and passed on to the individual child. [18] Their numbers were sometimes bolstered by civilian expatriates employed as missionaries, public servants, or employees of large transnational companies with headquarters located aside the African continent. [171] 15,000 white people live in the Ivory Coast.[172]. [46], In 1769, the northward migration of Boers was met by a southward migration of Xhosa, a Bantu people which laid claim to the Cape region north of the Great Fish River. Germany was late to colonize Africa (or to have an empire), mainly due to it not being a unified country until the late 19th century. I don't think black people have the last names of slave owners. [144] By the 1930s, Germans accounted for more than 60% of the white population in British Cameroon and owned more than 300,000 acres of cocoa plantations in both the French and British Cameroons.[145]. Spanish is also spoken in some areas of Morocco, Western Sahara, Equatorial Guinea, as well as in those territories that form part of Spain as the Canary Islands. "The church is very ancient, with a fine Norman arch at the entrance; in the chancel is a curious monument to Sir Thomas White and his family. There were 60,000 mostly Anglophone white settlers living in Kenya in 1965. When Zambia became independent in 1964, the majority of white settlers left for Rhodesia, just by crossing the border. Afrikaans is one of the native languages of South Africa that is, however, spoken mostly by the Dutch settlers in the country. In the late 17th century, much of Portuguese Mozambique was divided into prazos, or agricultural estates, which were settled by Portuguese families. Most whites in Angola and Mozambique use Portuguese as their first language. Radio messages broadcast by Hutu extremists advocated the killing of white Rwandans should they be of Belgian ancestry, despite the fact that Belgium itself attempted to remain neutral during the 1994 conflict. However some continued to farm in the region long after independence, and were very successful in doing so. Belgian colonials and their descendants have been especially represented in Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, although post-colonial instability in these states has led to exodus. Other groups of white settlers arrived in newly-established European colonies in Africa. Greeks have been living in Egypt since and even before Alexander the Great conquered Egypt at an early stage of his great journey of conquests. [13] The British also hoped that a large Boer population along the frontiers of Bechuaneland would serve as a potential buffer to German colonial expansionism from the west. French law made it easy for thousands of colons, ethnic or national French from former colonies of Africa, French India and French Indochina, to live in mainland France. German is spoken by 32% of Namibia's white population (making up 2% of the Namibian population). The former generally earned lower incomes, and never advanced far in capital, education, and influence. [45] Their government further encouraged new settlement by offering easy loans, necessary infrastructure, and more expropriated land to white newcomers. Despite a large loss of Spanish residents during the rule of Masie Nguema Biyogo, their numbers have somewhat increased after he was overthrown. The Greek language has long existed on the continent since antiquity. [125] The size of the Italian Egyptian community had also reached around 55,000 just before World War II, forming the second-largest expatriate community in Egypt. The indigenous African last names and surnames are meaningful, reflective, and unique. These factors, along with the peaceful, cheap, and sunny landscape, made it very attractive for Italians to settle down, and therefore, the Italian South African community was born. However, prioritization of British power around the globe in the years before World War I, initially reduced the resources appropriated toward settlement. Quarterly Digest Of Statistics, Zimbabwe Printing and Stationery Office, 1999. In anticipation of National Archives Awareness Week, we have taken a closer look at the 10 most [94] [13], After the establishment of the Bechuanaland Protectorate in the 1880s, the British colonial authorities and the British South Africa Company (BSAC) designated several parts of the region as freehold farming areas, open to white farmers of any nationality. [46] After Napoleon's occupation of the Netherlands during the Flanders Campaign, Great Britain captured the Cape Colony to prevent France from laying claim to its strategic harbour. Under apartheid much of the land given to German settlers was confiscated so many dispersed throughout the country.[148][149]. After the flight of the Greeks from Egypt in reaction to Nasser's nationalization policy the Greek population of South Africa dramatically increased to around 250,000. [11], The African country with the largest European descendant population both numerically and proportionally is South Africa, where White South Africans make up well over 4 million people (8.7% of the population). [163] In 1952, the Serbian community that left Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia after World War II founded a local Saint Sava church and school municipality in Johannesburg. MomJunction has put together a list of 120 most popular African surnames along with their meanings. [55], Boer resentment of the British peaked in 1834, when the Slavery Abolition Act 1833 was passed, outlawing slavery throughout the British Empire. Many European sports have become popular in Africa after the arrival of Europeans on the continent. [23] Few of these expatriates came to immigrant permanently, and typically worked in the colonies for a short period before returning to Europe. Large numbers of French people settled in French North Africa from the 1840s onward. Most of these settlements were not planned by the British government, with many colonial officials concluding they upset the balance of power in the region and left the long-established British interests vulnerable. [6] Portuguese Mozambicans, who numbered about 200,000 in 1975,[7] departed en masse because of economic policies directed against their wealth;[8][9] they now number 82,000. [105] In 1975, Angola had a community of approximately 400,000 Portuguese, while Mozambique had approximately more than 350,000 settlers from Portugal.[106]. The table below represents how small their numbers were compared to other sections of the future Central African Federation. [131] Zimbabwe currently hosts eleven Greek Orthodox churches and fifteen Greek associations and humanitarian organizations. Wahlperiode Drucksache IV/3672, España – Guinea, 1969: la estrategia de la tensión, "Penn Humanities Forum | 2006–2007 Undergraduate Humanities Forum Research Fellows", https://www.africa.upenn.edu/NEH/bethnic.htm, "Norwegian Emigration – The Debora Expedition: A Norwegian Colonisation Undertaking", "First pastoral visit to Serbs in Zambia - Serbian Orthodox Church [Official web site]", "Yugoslav Colony in South Africa 1941–1945", "Kako žive Srbi u Južnoj Africi - Otac Pantelejmon", "DNA from 4,500-year-old Ethiopian reveals surprise about ancestry of Africans", "Refugees International: Publications: Stateless Report", https://i.pinimg.com/originals/4d/6d/15/4d6d15842e5c7a29ee7da13fad8ee8b2.jpg, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/3410953.stm, "Greek teachers find work in South Africa", "Co-ed Senior School in Harare, Zimbabwe - Hellenic Academy", "Cultural Relations and Greek Community - Greece and Egypt", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=White_Africans_of_European_ancestry&oldid=996686415, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles needing additional references from October 2014, All articles needing additional references, "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Pages using columns with the default column width, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. A notable European population continues to survive in Spain's remaining North African exclaves, including Ceuta, the Canary Islands and Melilla. Despite this, Scots had an enormous South African community (compared to that of Nyasaland). [46] Under the direction of Jan van Riebeeck, a small Dutch party also constructed a fort known as the Castle of Good Hope. This policy had as its general aim the securing of a Cairo to Cape Town railway system, and settling the upper highlands of East Africa and the whole of Southern Africa south of the Zambezi with British colonies in a manner akin to that of North America and Australasia. Libya had some 150,000 Italian settlers until World War II, constituting about 18% of the total population in Italian Libya. A complete surnames list (original spellings) of Huguenots who emigrated to the Cape and have descendants in South Africa, appears in the column at left. [19] In most of colonial Africa, local whites sought employment with foreign companies, often in technical or managerial positions, or with the public service. Famous swimmers such as Kirsty Coventry of Zimbabwe, and Jason Dunford of Kenya, and numerous South African swimmers are of European descent. Football was first introduced in the 19th century by British colonists in South Africa in 1862. [66] By the mid nineteenth century, some of these itinerant Afrikaners had settled in Molepolole. During their capture, they were given the opportunity to build chapels, churches, dams, and many more structures. [1] Most are of Dutch, British, Portuguese, German, and French descent; and to a lesser extent there are also those who descended from Italians, Spaniards, and Greeks. A Police force on the Kaiser's birthday, 1901. At the brink of the country's independence in 1964, there were roughly 70,000 Europeans (mostly British) in Zambia (Northern Rhodesia before independence), making up roughly 2.3% of the 3 million inhabitants at the time. I have to write a play and I need a name for my character who is a white south african and I don't want anything too fancy just a simple name. The search for gold drove expansion north into the Rhodesias (now Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Malawi). In Réunion, a French island in the Indian Ocean, white islanders, mostly of ethnic French origin, are estimated to make up approximately 30% of the population. The Spanish have resided in Equatorial Guinea (when under Spanish rule known as Spanish Guinea) for many years and first started as temporary plantation owners originally from Valencia, before returning to Spain. Their pressure on the British Government resulted in Nyasaland being declared a British Protectorate. Have been to several … Somalia had over 50,000 Italian Somali settlers during World War II, constituting more than 5% of the total population in Italian Somaliland. [99] 2,500 French people reside in Chad. [98] It also contributed to a rise in housing segregation as exclusively white neighbourhoods became more common. Meanwhile, most from Mozambique left for either Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), South Africa or the UK. South Africa largely featured two Portuguese waves of immigration, one was a constant but small flow of Portuguese from Madeira and Portugal itself, while the second was ethnic Portuguese fleeing from Angola and Mozambique after their respective independences. [54] Relations between the new colonial leadership and the Boers soon began to deteriorate when the British refused to subsidise the Cape Colony, insisting that it pay for itself by levying larger taxes on the white population. [23], In most of colonial Africa, Europeans accounted for under 1% of the population,[38][33] except for the colonies in Northern and Southern Africa, which had the highest proportion of European settlers.[33]. From the 1870s, Scottish churches began missionary work in Nyasaland/Malawi, in the wake of their illustrious predecessor, David Livingstone. Lukas Gouws, 29, is one of them. [114][115] The Italians resided in most major cities in the central and southern parts of the territory, with around 22,000 living in the capital Mogadishu. [176] French settlers in Algeria were the first to introduce formalized clubs on the continent beginning with Club Athlétique d'Oran in 1897. A Belgian-appointed study commission subsequently recommended a complicated formula which would lead to gradual self-government for the Congo by 1985, although this was opposed by the most militant nationalists, who demanded immediate and full independence. VAN DER MERWE Dutch, South African While the name is currently very common in South Africa, it originates in Holland, literally meaning "From the Merwe". However, even before 1975, the number of British people in Angola and Mozambique was small, especially compared to the inhabiting Portuguese population. These included: Vice President Guy Scott served as acting president of Zambia after the death of Michael Sata, the first (and so far only) white head of state of an African country since FW de Klerk in 1994, and the first outside South Africa since Henry Everard in 1979.[80]. The following are among the most common last names of African Americans: Williams. [46] Van Riebeeck obtained permission to bring Dutch immigrants to the Cape, and resettle former company employees there as farmers. [155] Many of those remaining today are of Flemish descent, and part of the large "reverse diaspora" currently occurring in Rwanda.[156]. Franschhoek (meaning French Corner in Dutch) is a large town in the Western Cape, so named for the French Huguenots, who traveled and settled there. German influence in Namibia is very strong and noticeable. [98], Following the dissolution of French West Africa and the independence of its constituent states, sizable white minorities survived in Gabon and the Ivory Coast. Discover your DNA story and unlock the secrets of your ancestry and genealogy with our DNA kits for ancestry and the world’s most comprehensive DNA database. Throughout the 1960s they were joined by White South Africans and white settlers fleeing independent colonies elsewhere. Armenians once numbered thousands in Ethiopia and Sudan, before civil wars, revolutions, and nationalization drove most of them out. [108] 300,000 white people with Portuguese heritage currently live in Angola. Due to the subsequent deterioration of conditions under Amin (Including the constant threat of forced expulsion), most of the local British diaspora emigrated to the United Kingdom and South Africa. The Scots played an enormous part in British overseas colonisation, alongside the English, Welsh, and Irish. [15] The latter often resulted in sharp friction between European settlers and black African tribes as they competed for land. The German-run factories and plantations in Southern Cameroon employed over 25,000 Cameroonians at this time. Despite being POWs, the Italians were treated well, with a good food diet and friendly hospitality. 94,000 Spaniards chose to go to Algeria in the last years of the 19th century; 250,000 Spaniards lived in Morocco at the beginning of the 20th century. The Mau Mau Rebellion sparked great panic among the white community in the country and much of the Afrikaner community left the country and mostly returned to South Africa. The first van der Merwes hail from the Merwede river. In South Africa someone who looked like Obama obviously would not be white, but, they might be Coloured, as this group exhibits a wide range of appearance, as is … [citation needed], Competitive swimming is also popular amongst white Africans. A number of locations in Tanzania formerly bore German names. What are some common white male Afrikaans names? The vast diversity of European ethnic groups in Africa were once more scattered, however currently every European ethnic group is greatest in South Africa. [17], Most European settlers granted land in African colonies cultivated cereal crops or raised cattle, which were far more popular among the immigrants rather than managing the tropical plantations aimed at producing export-oriented crops such as rubber and palm oil. Field Hockey is also popular amongst White Africans. [70][71], With the ensuing Rhodesian Bush War and Zimbabwean independence under Prime Minister Robert Mugabe by 1980, over one-fifth of white Rhodesians, including most resident Afrikaners, emigrated from the country. [122] and 1,300 British people live in Ethiopia. People from the Horn of Africa have an average lighter skin, mainly because of Eurasian immigration to the region in the past. Although most Scandinavians in Ghana are mostly of Danish and Swedish descent but there are some Norwegians living in Accra, Old Ningo, Keta, Ada, and Teshie. [66], In 1894 the BSAC made a concentrated attempt to recruit Boers from the Transvaal and Orange Free State to settle the area around Lake Ngami. White Africans of European ancestry or Euro-Africans refers to people in Africa who can trace full, or partial ancestry to Europe. Volume V: Africa, Australia, and Southern Islands. [58] The first stages of the war consisted of several unsuccessful Boer sieges of British settlements, followed by a British push into the two Boer republics. [48] During the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, however, many foreigners were amongst those who boarded ships in the Netherlands to settle in the Dutch sphere. Over 49,000 lived in Asmara in 1939 (around 10% of the city's population), and over 38,000 resided in Addis Ababa. As Congo's infamous crisis developed further, the predominantly white magistrate corps also fled the growing chaos, dealing a severe blow to their nation's basic judicial apparatus – considered by several prominent observers to be "the worst catastrophe in this series of disasters". To this day most Scots in Africa reside in South Africa and until the 21st century, also in Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia). [23] This made them less embedded in the economy and social structure, less interested in influencing local politics, and less likely to form cohesive communities than the settler populations elsewhere. In 1989, there were an estimated 4.6 million people with European ancestry on the African continent. [32], A few colonies had no permanent white populations at all, and in such cases the European powers preferred to construct forts rather than large settlements accordingly. For example, by 2005, an estimated 212,000 British citizens were residing in South Africa. facing the country. Most Scottish settlers from Rhodesia left for South Africa after Rhodesia's independence and after economic and political problems in 2001. This is because many people from West Africa, India, Madagascar, Indonesia etc. the ancestors of most Ghanaians of Norwegian descent are from Denmark but Denmark has controlled Norway. With the retreat of European colonialism, Afrikaner communities outside South Africa and its immediate neighbours generally diminished in size and a significant number of settlers returned to their countries of origin during the decades which followed the Second World War. In the Belgian Congo, Belgium's largest overseas possession, European missionaries, corporations, and officials had entrenched a comprehensive political, social, economic, and cultural hegemony. [citation needed], The South-West became a German colony during the late 19th century, and with the onset of the First World War a number of local Boers volunteered to serve with the imperial authorities against invading Allied troops. [82] Well known Britons born in Kenya include road racing cyclist Chris Froome, Richard Dawkins, and evolutionary scientist Richard Leakey. Surname matching of slaveholders with 1870 African Americans is intended merely as suggesting another possibility for further research by those seeking to make connections between slaves and holders. [60], The size of the Afrikaner population in South Africa was estimated at 2.5 million people in 1985. Economic relationships have been blossoming between Greece and Egypt. Pronunciation : case sensitive: see the pronunciation key for a guide on how to write the sounds; sounds can only be searched in names that have been assigned pronunciations * is a wildcard that will match zero or more letters in the pronunciation example: *lee matches names which end with the sound lee _ is a wildcard that will match exactly one letter in the pronunciation [13], European settlement patterns in Africa generally favoured territories with a substantial amount of land at least 910 metres (3,000 ft) above sea level, an annual rainfall of over 510 millimetres (20 in) but not exceeding 1,020 millimetres (40 in), and relative freedom from the Tsetse fly. [46] The colonists were known as "vrijlieden", also denoted as "vrijburgers" (free citizens), to differentiate them from bonded VOC employees still serving on contracts. I have to write a play and I need a name for my character who is a white south african and I don't want anything too fancy just a simple name. In contrast to the rest of Central Africa, Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia) was once intended to become a "white man's country" – to be settled and ruled by European colonists who would remain there permanently. This early contact is visible in the Francophone names of a few historic towns in Western Cape such as Courtrai and in the surnames of some Afrikaners and Cape Coloureds, such as Marais, Joubert, de Lille, and du Plessis. There is a striking French influence in the town, which can be found firstly in street names which include La Rochelle Street, Bordeaux Street, Huguenot Street, Roux Malherbe Street, and Cabriere Street. [30] A considerable "reverse exodus" of former colonials returning to Western Europe occurred; because they had controlled key sectors of many African economies prior to independence, their abrupt departure often resulted in devastating economic repercussions for the emerging states. [170] In Cape Verde, around 50% of the population has at least one European ancestor, resulting in many people having blond hair or blue eyes. Today there are roughly 77,400 South Africans of Italian descent.[119]. Why do so many African Americans have Welsh names ... but there werevery few Welsh slave-onwers in the American South. Only a small white population in Libya, Tunisia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Somalia has the fluency of Italian, because it is no longer the official language there. In fact, data from a Census Bureau study reveals that the number of Hispanic surnames in the top 25 doubled between 1990 and 2000. Their numbers decreased after World War II. Lists Reviews Images Update feed. To Christianity Dunford of Kenya, and Southern Rhodesia descent constitute a fairly large population Madagascar... Continent by the British 21 ] Heated disputes between German settlers and the Matumbi and peoples., dams, and the Great Depression and the educated Zambia, and many which. 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